Operations Plans for State AgenciesWhen the various appropriation bills are enacted, state agencies are sent instructions and forms for submitting quarterly spending plans (operations plans, a.k.a. "Op Plans") for each of their authorized programs. The Op Plan package includes the following forms.
EBO Form 8 - Operations Plan--On this form, agencies outline their budgets by quarter by major object of expenditure, such as personnel costs, fringe benefits, travel, operating expenses, capital outlay, equipment purchases, and transportation costs. This form serves as the basis for allotments and expense budgets and is also used to make revisions during the year.
EBO Form 9 - Employee Staffing Plan--Agencies are required to list by employee classifications and class codes established by the State Personnel Department all employees, full-time and part-time, that will be on staff at the beginning of the fiscal year as well as those that might be added or deleted during the year. All other costs budgeted under Personnel Costs (e.g. longevity pay and termination costs) are also shown on this form. State law provides that no new or vacant positions can be filled during the year unless the position is listed on EBO Form 9.
EBO Form 10 - Performance Report--Agencies must develop and list quantitative performance indicators by quarter. For example, indicators for the Department of Public Health might include number of food service inspections, health care facilities inspections, Medicaid waiver service hours, and child health primary care visits.
Budget analysts review the operations plans and resolve any questions or discrepancies. The purposes of the review are:
- to determine that it is consistent with policy decisions of the Governor and appropriations made by the Legislature;
- to ensure that it reflects proper planning and efficient management methods; and
- to ensure that appropriations have been made for the planned purpose and will not be exhausted before the end of the fiscal year.
AllotmentsAllotments based upon approved Op Plans are then entered into the state's Financial Resources Management System (FRMS). An allotment is a quarterly division of the agency's appropriation into amounts which may be encumbered or expended during a fiscal quarter. Agencies may not spend more than the year-to-date allotment amount for each fund, appropriation unit, and (in some cases) organization. If an agency does not spend all of the allotment in a quarter, the unused allotment amount will carry over and will be available for expenditure in the next quarter.
Expense BudgetsAlso contained within the state's accounting system are expense budgets, which control spending against the amount approved in the an agency's Op Plan by major object code. The annual amount budgeted on the Op Plan for each major object code within an agency, fund, appropriation unit, and (in some cases) organization comprises an expense budget line.
As transactions are processed throughout the year, the total of expenditures and purchase orders may not exceed the expense budget line. For example, $5,000 has been budgeted for Object Code 0700 (Utilities and Communication) and $4,500 has already been expended. A purchase order or expenditure exceeding $500 against object code 0700 will not process through FRMS because of insufficient budget authority.
Making RevisionsAlso contained within the state's accounting system are expense budgets, which control spending against the amount approved in the an agency's Op Plan by major object code. The annual amount budgeted on the Op Plan for each major object code within an agency, fund, appropriation unit, and (in some cases) organization comprises an expense budget line.
- Additional dollars are received during the fiscal year which were not included in the original Op Plan (for example, additional federal grant monies).
- Additional allotment is needed in the current or a subsequent quarter in addition to what was included in the original Op Plan.
- Adjustments among major object codes are necessary.
- A reduction in appropriation and allotment is necessary due to proration or a shortfall in receipts.
- A program change is requested by the agency and approved by the Governor.
Allotments may be revised during the fiscal year. A revision to an allotment requires a modification to the Operations Plan (EBO Form 8) and an Allotment/Appropriation Revision (EBO Form 101).
Performance Reportsmandates that the Department of Finance report quarterly to the Governor and the Legislature on actual accomplishments to those planned for each state agency. Therefore, the Department of Finance requires a quarterly list of agency performance indicators in conjunction with the Operations Plan. At the end of each quarter, agency performance reports are posted online and can be found under the reports link on the main menu.
A Typical Reporting CalendarThe following is an example of an annual calendar for Operations Plans, Program Changes, Performance Reports, and Management Reports.
First Quarter Program Change letter mailed
First Quarter Performance Report letter mailed
First Quarter Management Reports mailed
|January 31||Due date/First Quarter Performance Reports|
Second Quarter Program Change letter mailed
Second Quarter Performance Report letter mailed
Second Quarter Management Reports mailed
|April 30||Due date/Second Quarter Performance Reports|
Third Quarter Program Change letter mailed
Third Quarter Performance Report letter mailed
Third Quarter Management Reports mailed
|July 31||Due date/Third Quarter Performance Reports|
|July 31||Due date/Operations Plans received by EBO|
|August 31||Deadline/all Operations Plans loaded into system|
Balance beginning of new fiscal year entries and
close out fiscal year just ending
Fourth Quarter Program Change letter mailed
Fourth Quarter Performance Report letter mailed
Fourth Quarter Management Reports mailed
|October 31||Due date/Fourth Quarter Performance Reports|
Postsecondary InstitutionsPostsecondary institutions are required to submit operations plans for all funds received; however, only appropriated state funds are loaded into FRMS. State funds are then disbursed to the institutions on a monthly basis, usually one-twelfth per month.
EBO Form 20 - Postsecondary Operations Plan--Postsecondary institutions submit the following information by Current Unrestricted Funds and Current Restricted Funds:
(1) Source of Funds, including but not limited to state/federal/local funds, tuition and fees, hospital revenue, auxiliary enterprises, and balances brought forward.
(2) Expenditures and Transfers-- (a) Educational and General by these categories: Instruction, Research, Public Service, Academic Support, Student Services, Institutional Support, Operations and Maintenance of Physical Plant, and Scholarships and Fellowships. (b) Mandatory and Non-Mandatory Transfers: Educational and General, Hospital, and Auxiliary Enterprises.
EBO Form 21 - Postsecondary Operations Plan Budgeted Expenditures and Transfers Detail--Postsecondary institutions are required to submit the planned expenditures and transfers from Form 20 by major object.